For those of you who were missing the Structure of Scientific Revolutions book club yesterday, we’ll have to reschedule for Tuesday. Business intervened, including paper proofs and a Washington University Inaugural Symposium of the Center for Biological Systems Engineering at which I saw a video of a Pavlovian locust (yes, old grasshoppers learn new tricks – locusts can learn to associate new odors with food). And of course the ENCODE stuff came out.
So take the extra time to finish Kuhn’s book, and we’ll talk about chapters IX – XIII on Tuesday.
“In science… novelty emerges only with difficulty, manifested by resistance, against a background provided by expectation.” – Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
Organizations that fund scientific research love to call for paradigm-shifting proposals. And scientists love to think that their latest work is smashing down staid, old paradigms. But this focus on paradigm shifting gets Thomas Kuhn exactly backwards. If you want a paradigm shift, don’t go looking for it.
That’s Kuhn’s major point in this week’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions reading. Last week, we had a broad discussion of Kuhn’s ideas about pre-paradigm science, what a paradigm is, and why normal science is like solving puzzles. This week we’re going to be a little more focused: we’re going to talk about four pages – p. 62-65 – instead of four chapters.
Read these four pages, and you’ll understand more about Kuhn’s view of science than just about anyone who talks about paradigm-shifting. Continue reading “If you want a paradigm shift, don’t go looking for it”
Welcome to the first meeting of The Finch and Pea’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 50th anniversary
bull session book club. Grab a drink, pull up a chair, and let’s talk about the first four chapters of that book you always meant to read.
First, a brief word about the preface. Certain famous books are prefaced with apologetic comments by the author, warning us that what is to follow is just an outline or a sketch. We tend to smirk of over the fact that Darwin considered his 502-page behemoth just an abstract. Kuhn says similar things in his preface to Structure, but in this case I take Kuhn’s apologies more seriously. Historical examples are important in this book, but Kuhn tends to allude to episodes in the history of science, rather than discuss them – at least in the first four chapters. Perhaps this is fitting, because in Kuhn’s view, a successful paradigm necessarily leaves a lot left to be done. Continue reading “How science climbs out of the chaotic morass and into paradigms and puzzles”
I will admit that I’m a sucker for book anniversaries of any sort, and since this month marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, here’s your excuse to finally read it. I’ve been looking for an excuse to re-read it, since the first go around apparently made no impression on my brain – I will admit that I can’t say a single, intelligent thing about it.
To get yourself jazzed up, you can read the appreciation in The Guardian, and you can buy yourself the swanky new 50th anniversary edition. As for me, I’m sticking with my less glitzy second edition with the cool, somewhat minimalist cover.
Here’s our schedule, with discussions on Fridays: Continue reading “Time to (re)read Thomas Kuhn”