WORST PICK UP LINE EVER, but amazing group of frogs.
The genus Pleurodema contains 15 species and is within the family Leptodactylidae and subfamily Leiuperinae. These so-called four-eyed frogs live in South America and possess a pair of inguinal poison glands that resemble eyes.
What is the purpose of having poison “eyes” on your bum? First of all, why not? I would do it if I could. Seriously…..
More importantly, we look to the behavior to answer this question. When the animal is threatened it raises its rear (which then appears like the head with eyes and whatnot!) and if the predator attacks it will get a taste of some poison. The damage from the attack will be mitigated and as we all know it is easier to deal with a bite to your hindquarters than the face.
Check out these frogs calling below:
Just like a telenovela this little toad brings the drama for days. The Venezuelan pebble toad (Oreophyrnella nigra) hangs out in the tepuis of the Guiana highlands. These toads use their cryptic skin appearance among the rocks to avoid predators and if that doesn’t work they call roll up and make like a bouncy ball down the rocks. See you later predators.
Check out this video with herpetologist, Bruce Means talking about pebble toad DNA, sharing his discovery excitement (plus you can see some tepuis).
The whale shark (Rhincodon typus) is hands-down one of my favorite creatures (I have a pair of whale shark shoes!!) and this slow-moving filter feeder is nothing short of glorious. Words cannot do justice to the simple beauty of this fish. Please take the time to watch this incredible video.